Charminar – History, Structure, Construction, Facts and much more

Baroque, avant-garde, tranquil and so many other words to describe masterpieces in Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh is blessed to offer so much to its residents and its architecture is magnificent. In this article, we will be providing information about Charminar and some lesser-known facts about this masterpiece.

Charminar hydrebad andhra pradesh structure

About Charminar

The Urdu word ‘Charminar’ refers to four minarets and the monument was built by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, the fifth king of the Qutub Shah dynasty, in 1591. Over the years, it has become an iconic monument and symbol of the city, Hyderabad.

The arch is lit up every night, which is truly unforgettable. It is a granite building built on four large arches facing north, south, east, and west. During the Qutub Shah period, the first floor was used as a madrasa (university).

Features of Charminar

A mosque is located on the west side of the second floor. One can enjoy the magnificent view of the city from the roof of Charminar, although due to the overcrowding of the minaret, only tourists with a special permit from the Indian Archaeological Survey and Hyderabad Circle can enter the top of the minaret.

Charminar is now regarded as one of the highest architectural achievements of the Qutub Shah era with a lateral height of 66 feet (20 meters).

To the southeast of Charminar is the magnificent building of Nizamia Unani Hospital. About 50 meters west of the monument, there is a famous shop called ‘Lad Bazaar’s shop’ that marks the entrance to the former Jilau Khana (parade ground) in Nizama.

Now, this land is used to develop some commercial complexes. Going further down, a path to the left leads to the Khilawat complex (Chowmahalla Palace). The Charminar is approximately 7 km from Hyderabad Railway Station.

As old as the city, the four majestic towers of this mansion are located in the center of the old town, which is a symbol of the Qutub Shahi era.
A polyhedral column rises to each corner of the structure and continues upward at the top of the base of the lotus leaf until it reaches its apex in a minaret with a domed roof 160 feet (49 meters) above the soil.

Each minaret is accessible through a spiral staircase on its inner wall and consists of four floors, each with a walkway covered by an exquisite colonnade that surrounds the outer wall. Above the arch of the main structure, there are two floors.

The first was once used as an Islamic school during Qutub Shah’s ruling period and the second was a small mosque. In addition to the mosque, Charminar has 45 other prayer areas. The roofs and minarets of Charminar offer panoramic views of Hyderabad, especially the historic Golconda Fort to the west and Lad Bazaar.

Some facts about Charminar

  • According to a legend, there is an underground tunnel connecting the Golconda fortress, which used to be the ancient capital of Quli Qutub Shah, with Charminar.
  • This tunnel is believed to have been built as an escape route when the king was under siege. The location of the tunnel remains a mystery.
  • This monument was built to celebrate the end of the plague epidemic in Hyderabad at the end of the 16th century.
  • Charminar is the first multi-story building built in Hyderabad.
  • Monument also shows how different religions peacefully coexist in one place.
  • This monument is over 450 years old, making it one of the oldest monuments in India.
  • Charminar is said to have been built by King Quli Qutub Shah to replace the memories of his late wife Bhagamathi. Therefore, it shows that it is a symbol of love and care.
  • The creator of Hyderabad (King Quli Qutub Shah) was inspired by the monuments of the town Isfahan that he decided to build this monument in Hyderabad.
  • Inside Charminar, you will find a cat’s head designed on the east side. Cats are always fierce and prey over mice hence, the structure indicates that the cats can eradicate mice in the city and the fact that mice destroyed Hyderabad.


All information in this article was placed after thorough research. We hope you enjoyed reading this informative text and may have learned something new today. We would love to see you again!

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